男人短壽原因

男性的平均壽命比女性短五至十年,其關鍵因素可能在於男性特有的大男人氣概,使男性尋求預防性保健服務的意願低。美國的一項研究指出,男性的平均壽命較女性短的關鍵因素,可能在於男性特有的大男人氣概,使男性比較不願尋求預防性的保健服務。

男性的平均壽命比女性要短五至十年,不少夫妻都是丈夫先離開人世,留下妻子陪伴兒女。多數人對這個問題,想到的大多都是男性比較喜歡爭強鬥狠、生活習慣較差,要不就是受傳統觀念影響,責任重、生活壓力大、情緒的表達也受到壓抑,但真正的原因似乎並不在此。

哥倫比亞大學的臨床醫學教授瑪麗安.雷嘉多(Marianne J. Legato)在她的著作《男人為什麼會先死:如何延長你的壽命》(Why Men Die First: How to Lengthen Your Lifespan)中寫出了幾點導致男性死亡的因素及改善方法。

 1.因為愛面子,在面對一些難以啟齒的問題時,男性比較少去尋求幫助及醫療,因而錯過一些重大疾病的黃金治療時期。雷嘉多鼓勵身體有任何異常現象時都要及早就醫,坦白告訴醫生自己的狀況,並定期做全身健康檢查,才能提早從這些徵兆中瞭解並控制病情。

 2.心臟病這個問題在先天上男女就有差異,男性約在35歲開始會有心臟病的徵兆出現,而女性約會晚十年。至於症狀的表現,男性較常出現盜汗、手臂疼痛和胸口劇烈疼痛;而女性則是常有呼吸急促、牙痛、背痛、噁心及暈眩等非典型的情況。男性總膽固醇含量超過200mg/dl時即為危險因子,檢測上以低密度膽固醇 (LDL)為參考較佳;而女性總膽固醇含量超過270mg/dl就要注意,檢測上以高密度膽固醇(HDL)為參考較佳。

與醫生討論,評估自己得到冠狀動脈疾病的風險及家族病史,及早發現,才能及早治療。

 3.男性的免疫力並不如女性好,因傳染性疾病而死亡的機率也較高,特別是肺結核與性病。個人私生活應當檢點,到國外旅遊前接種疫苗,破傷風疫苗應每十年施打一次。平時多注意營養的攝取和補充。

 4.男性自30歲過後,雄性激素會逐年下降百分之一,體力、記憶力和專注力等都會降低,50歲以後不但會影響到生活品質,還增加罹患冠狀動脈疾病的風險。當血漿中的雄性激素濃度低於400ng/dl時,可根據當時身體的狀況及醫師的建議接受雄性激素的補充。

 5.小心憂鬱症。由於在社會上所扮演的角色,使男性承受較大的壓力,加上不善抒發而容易積壓成疾。男性的憂鬱症有時無明顯症狀,通常會因小事而發脾氣,容易暴怒與衝動,情緒不穩定、失眠、酗酒甚至是依賴藥物,嚴重的人甚至會想自殺。

掩蓋、否認、不正視對待自己的精神問題,不但對自己不利,還會讓擔心你的親友及週遭的人產生困擾。樂觀、知足的正面看待人生中所遭遇的一切不順心和挫折,許多麻煩事都可以由大化小,由小化無。

 6.青少年時期的不成熟、無知、魯莽的表現也是導致許多人意外傷亡的原因之一,雖說是因賀爾蒙作祟,但人得學習為自己的行為負責。學習理智與平和,也是走向成年人應有的表現。無論如何,不管是男性還是女性均需有正確對待生命的想法,勤儉開朗的過日子,才可以少病多健康。

(轉載自大紀元日報)

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迴響

  •  On 12/11/2009 at 8:02 下午

    真的嗎??????

  • Sam  On 13/11/2009 at 11:57 上午

    老而不死很岸居~

  • 簑笠翁  On 13/11/2009 at 12:25 下午

     ▁▁▁▁▁▁▁__)▁▁▁▁▁● ▁▁▁)▁▁▁_ (_(▁▁▁◢███◣ ▁▁~(▁)_ )▁▁█◣_███████═╮ ╭═█████▁◥████████▁║ ║▁█喝★杯█▁▁◥███熱茶ㄅ█▁║ ╰═◥███◤▁▁▁◥█████◤═╯ 天氣冷冷~來杯熱熱的茶吧!暖暖身體〃⊙﹏<~ CCC”     

  • Mei's  On 13/11/2009 at 2:20 下午

    Agree with OQ8!:-) I always teas my father in-law, because he never like to admit he is old and he want to live as long as he can, he like to see the world what is like in future, and I said: "you\’re just greedy, you not thinking about the young, we already moan about to many people, cars, house, not enough road or land to build, and people are getting more and more, if everybody live for ever we will be like chicken in a cage! I told him when time to go its time to go! I am not black heart I told him, you\’re just greedy, don\’t care about the young at all." Sorry to the old!:-( And I am moving back soon! Don\’t know its the right move or not!:-( LOL… Good day! Mei

  • LIZA  On 13/11/2009 at 4:18 下午

    睇開 D,平常心,咪長命 D 囉 !!!

  •  On 13/11/2009 at 11:19 下午

    其實一對…… 早死的那方是比較幸福…… 留下這位會覺得慘 孤單 孤寂……

  • Frank  On 14/11/2009 at 1:18 上午

    岸居老弟~只是生與死都係不由自主架。孤舟老弟~有你呢個網友,唔使飲熱茶已經感到好溫暖。Mei~What a cruel thing to say to your father-in-law! Everyone wishes to live longer and to enjoy life till the last minute, unless of course he/she is suffering from bad health, and it is not worth living any more. Only God can decide when we are to be born and when we are to die.藍亦~死者長已矣,生者常戚戚。

  • Mei's  On 14/11/2009 at 4:29 上午

    Haha… yes, sounds cruel but we\’re talk like this all the time at home, he does not mind, we teas each other all the time, that is how we live together for over 17 years, he is a very nice man easy then my dad, just a little bit over with his temper two years ago, may be its old ages! Only few days ago, I call for a family meeting about moving back home, I always like a summer house in the garden for me to vent, when I am hot! And he call that summer house my wooden box… LOL! see Mr Lam, that is how we talk to each at home, we\’re like this all the time, he is not angry with me at all, i talk to him many times with that subject, and its true if everybody want to live for ever, do we have room to move, we will live like chicken in a cage. When its time to go… its time to go, even GOD couldn\’t help you when your time is up. But I need to thank him if there is one, I want to go many times in the past with my bipolar, but he kick me out!LOL… have a good night Frank! Mei

  • Sam  On 14/11/2009 at 10:16 上午

    生死有命~ 但生無權, 死還可自主, 故有岸居故事傳奇………………………………….樓下可以富想像力D….. 岸居無限大~ 何止地球村….呵呵呵

  • Mei's  On 14/11/2009 at 11:57 上午

    You\’re so right again Uncle OQ8!🙂 We don\’t ask for permission to come to this world… but we should have our right to go… and I believe people are come from a big BANG! There is no such thing-GOD… in this W.W.W…. we are just some animals after the BANG! Just like some food gone bad they have worm come out and we\’re the clever worm… haha! And Mr Lam, I did not tell my father in-law go to die… we are talk like that all the time at home he make fun to me i make fun to him, that is how we can live together for such time – 17 years, don\’t think there is any other people can put up with living with a in-law for a such long time this days, not even in Chinese socility… am I right or wrong? And specially I\’ve a condition call bipolar, I hate my brother say it once when I move out from my family two years ago, he said I am difficult to live with I have bipolar, I point stright to him, I said: yes, I\’ve bipolar but I am not like you said difficult to live with, yes, bipolar are very serious but not everybody are the same, and not everybody are brand like what other people wrote about the illness you read from the book, internet etc…" and how long did he live with me, he only my brother and he spend his time with school, job, friends more then me, I am living with FIL 24/7 at home, yes, we do have a few big agurment like all other do, but we got over it, he is a very easy man, he don\’t have yesterday worry! I always said to people living with FIL is easy living then my own dad. And I am not say it because I am thinking to move back… haha! Not sure I am doing the right move again…😦 Anyway, I just like to point out I am not cruel like you said Mr Lam, I didn\’t call him to die, but like to admitt in here that I did said this a few times telling my own dad to HELL in my own blog! And I will say it again in here too! I don\’t really care what you people are thinking of me, that is me, like it or not, i am not writing just to show I am a great child from GOD. People who belevie GOD is a good person, and they can do anything… if they believe GOD… people don\’t need to punish. Have a good day Mr Lam! Mei

  • 金魚  On 14/11/2009 at 1:54 下午

    men…Pls put down your bottle of "salt" & face the reality ;-p

  • Frank  On 14/11/2009 at 7:20 下午

    Mei~as long as it is acceptable by both parties, whatever is OK.岸居老弟~現在社會對非自然死亡或安樂死還有很多爭議。Vivi~Men care for "face”more than women do.

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